An application talking to a language model API has control over the following parameters. Only the Vertex AI PaLM API allows setting Top-K and Top-P at the time of writing.
The temperature (a floating-point number in the range
1.0) is used for sampling during response generation, which occurs when
topK are applied. Temperature controls the degree of randomness in token selection. Lower temperatures are good for prompts that require a more deterministic and less open-ended or creative response, while higher temperatures can lead to more diverse or creative results. A temperature of
0 is deterministic, meaning that the highest probability response is always selected.
Maximum Output Tokens
Maximum number of tokens that can be generated in the response. A token is approximately four characters. 100 tokens correspond to roughly 60–80 words.
For OpenAI, this parameter should be in the range
For PaLM, this parameter should be in the range
Top-K (an integer in the range
40) changes how the model selects tokens for output. A top-K of
1 means the next selected token is the most probable among all tokens in the model's vocabulary (also called greedy decoding), while a top-K of
3 means that the next token is selected from among the three most probable tokens by using temperature.
For each token selection step, the top-K tokens with the highest probabilities are sampled. Then tokens are further filtered based on top-P with the final token selected using temperature sampling.
Specify a lower value for more deterministic responses and a higher value for more diverse responses. The default top-K is
Top-P (a floating-point number in the range
1.0) changes how the model selects tokens for output. Tokens are selected from the most (see top-K) to least probable until the sum of their probabilities equals the top-P value. For example, if tokens A, B, and C have a probability of 0.3, 0.2, and 0.1 and the top-P value is
0.5, then the model will select either A or B as the next token by using temperature and excludes C as a candidate.
Specify a lower value for more deterministic responses and a higher value for more diverse responses. The default top-P is